This research will be divided into two phases. Phase 1 includes research and outreach to generate a guidebook and other resources for practitioners, FLMAs, and partners on best practices to incorporate wildlife-inclusive considerations into the designs, uses, and maintenance practices of transportation infrastructure on Federal lands. Phase 2 applies the compiled research to a pilot study on public lands. Potential tasks to complete these phases include:
- Phase 1: Background Information and Resource Development
a. Conduct a literature review.
b. Engage practitioners and other stakeholders in outreach activities.
i. Establish a multi-agency stakeholder and practitioner working group.
ii. Identify case studies.
c. Identify best practices.
d. Leverage existing FLMA and FHWA resources to develop a more comprehensive guidebook for practitioners, FLMAs, partner agencies, and other users on:
i. Best practices for wildlife-inclusive design and maintenance.
ii. Effective implementation of wildlife-inclusive design and maintenance practices.
iii. Best practices for the integration of the recommended design methods with current scoping and planning efforts.
iv. Cost-benefit analyses comparing wildlife-inclusive designs to traditional designs
- Phase 2: Application and Knowledge-Sharing
a. Identify a suitable test case(s) to apply the best practices outlined in Phase 1.
i. Develop and execute an appropriate design, monitoring plan, performance metrics, and evaluation plan for implementation.
b. Revise and update the guidebook developed in Phase 1 as necessary based on lessons learned.
c. Disseminate information to relevant stakeholders and agencies through report or additional outreach efforts.
The literature review will focus on the application of wildlife-inclusive design in transportation infrastructure, while also investigating the appropriateness of other infrastructure applications; there may be technologies and research not currently applied to the transportation sector that are able to be adopted. The focus will be on ecosystem-scale research investigating holistic approaches; there is a broad range of supporting research specifically targeting a wide range of taxa and interactions with transportation systems. The proposed research, however, is a unique and innovative application of this wealth of knowledge.