Port Noise Pollution
vessels, cargo handling, and drayage trucks generate significant amounts of
noise that impact adjacent communities. Some of these noise sources generate
very loud and low frequency sounds (less than 100 Hz) that can travel through
near-by homes and create negative quality of life impacts (e.g., annoyance,
hearing disabilities, cardiovascular diseases, sleep deprivation, stress
inducing, and cognitive impairment in children). Mitigating these affects can
be very challenging given traffic volume and the extended area where
these activities occur, furthermore these facilities and surrounding areas tend to be composed of acoustically hard
materials which facilitates the propagation of nose. This said, there are a
variety of operational and technical options that can help reduce port
noises. A comprehensive study is needed
of these noise sources and efforts implemented by ports to monitor and mitigate
these impacts on adjacent communities. This document would be a compilation of
lessons learned that could be of value to other smaller ports that do not have
the resources to implement similar studies.**
a report that summarizes port noise issues, including anticipated health
effects, a compilation of case studies of noise monitoring, data analysis and
a better understanding of port noise issues and
possible strategies to monitor and mitigate these concerns may be of considerable
value for port workers as well as adjacent communities.
Though the Sept/Oct 2005 TR News focused on controlling transportation noise, the edition did not include port-related noises nor are there any TRB publications on this topic.
develop a technical summary of port-related noise issues and measures to
monitor and mitigate the impacts of these events the following area need to be
Health effects associated with
exposure to loud noises.
Results from publicly available port
noise monitoring studies.
Example noise mapping.
Compilation of mitigation measures
applied to reduce noise impacts.
report that incorporates information compiled, recommendations and example
monitoring and mitigation programs that other ports may be consider.
report to external reviewers.
report that addresses comments from reviewers.
implementation outreach material for dissemination by interested parties.* Outreach
material should be posted on the TRB website.
The information in
this report will need to be disseminated to Port Authorities, government agencies, trade associations, and
Agencies such as USACE, USCG, NOAA, MARAD, the U.S. EPA, and trade associations such as the American Association of Port Authorities, port authorities and NGOs may find this study helpful in the developing monitoring protocol and mitigation strategies. This study may also be relevant for Environmental Justice communities.
|Sponsoring Committee:||AW030, Marine Environment
|Research Period:||12 - 24 months|
|RNS Developer:||Richard Billings|
|Source Info:||Though much is written on highway, rail and aviation noise, there is considerably less on port related noise; much of which is related to the European Environmental Noise Directive. In fact a good starting point for this study may be the EU’s Noise Management in European Ports (NoMEPorts) documents.|
M Bolognese, F. Fidecaro, D. Palazzouli and G. Licitra, Poret Noise and Complaints in the North
Tyrrhenian Sean and Framework Remediation. Environments, Feb 2020.
D. Borelli, T. Gaggero, E. Pallavidino, C. Schenone, Possible Solutions for Port Noise Monitoring, International Conference of Sound and Vibration, Conference Paper, August 2019.
European Regional Development Fund RUMBLE Project http://interreg-maritime.eu/it/web/rumble/
European Regional Development Fund MONACUMEN Project http://interreg-maritime.eu/it/web/monacumen/
European Regional Development Fund, REPORT Project http://interreg-maritime.eu/it/web/report/
|Index Terms:||Port districts, Ports, Noise, Lessons learned, Environmental protection, |