Automatic Identification Systems Data Applications
With increasing use by ports and government
agencies of AIS methods to quantify air emissions and fuel consumption,
examples of possible application of AIS data may be helpful in inspiring new
data analysis or policy initiatives based on AIS data. A compendium of AIS applications would be
informative and may include, but not be limited to the following:
· Identification of
high emitting vessels that frequently visit a port of interest; this could be
used to prioritize vessel eligible for mitigation programs. AIS could also be used to map these vessels
to other ports they visit that would also benefit from the application of
emission reduction technologies (particularly if the ports are located in a
· AIS to transmit
data on weather via satellite.
- Assist in vessel routing to
address port congestion or during extreme weather events (e.g. hurricanes
- Use of
AIS/GIS tools to identify elevated exposure to diesel PM and hazardous air
pollutants (heat maps).
average wait times at anchorage locations by port to identify where port
efficiencies could improve and thereby reduce idling emissions.
actual vessel traffic patterns for siting of offshore wind farms.
better assessment of arctic shipping lanes to prioritize depth mapping,
positioning of emergency response equipment and necessary infrastructure
to insure safe passage.
vessel activities in port reduced speed zones, fishing areas, designated
lightering zones, and whale migratory pathways to ensure compliance with
This compilation of example AIS applications,
would include a short summary of the issue being addressed and how AIS data
helps in visualize appropriate information to inform decision makers. Each example could be limited to a couple of
pages and include contacts and references to allow the reader to get more
details if they are interesting.
create a living on-line database that participants could append descriptions of
their AIS applications in order to share with others who may be considering
implementation of similar activities.
It is anticipated that by sharing AIS applications
with others, important lessons learned can be transferred and such a dataset of
ideas may encourage the development of new applications, yet to be considered.
This database may also be useful in assessing additional data fields that could
be incorporated into an AIS transmittal that would further enhance usage of AIS data to more
accurately evaluate environmental impacts.
Though TRB developed special report 273: Shipboard
AIS displays; the focus of the report was on the needs of the mariners, not
larger applications of AIS data.
to developing a simple database, existing studies need to be compiled to get
a sense of the data fields that need to be included in the database. Once these
fields are identified than the database structure can be developed and
populated with the identified studies. A
hosting site will need to be set up and interested parties informed of the
availability of the database.
1 - Compilation of applications
· Compile and
review preliminary examples of AIS analysis and uses.
· Identify likely
users for this database tool.
· Meet with
stakeholders to assess available data and useful data elements and structure.
2 - Database development
· Develop and
populate database based on insight developed in Phase 1.
· External testing
of database by stakeholders.
3 - Outreach
Develop a list of possible groups to host the database and contact
them to find an interested party.
· Develop a list of
agencies that have previously developed interesting AIS data applications and
contact them via email or online postings, informing them that there is a forum
that they can post future AIS data analysis.
Prepare outreach material for dissemination on the web and by
interested parties that highlights the value of the compiled studies and
functionality of the database. Consider demonstrating the database at
conferences and workshops.
This outreach material should be posted
on TRB’s website.
such as IMO, USACE, USCG, NOAA, MARAD, the U.S. EPA, BTS, Argonne Lab, BOEM,
trade association such as the American
Association of Port Authorities., and NGOs
may find this database helpful in the analyzing uses of AIS data to
study vessel operations and mitigation strategies.
This project could be of considerable value to the USACE, USCG, NOAA, MARAD, BTS, EPA, Argonne lab’s GREET model, and BOEM.
|Sponsoring Committee:||AW030, Marine Environment
|Research Period:||12 - 24 months|
|RNS Developer:||Richard Billings|
|Source Info:||Source Information:|
M. Fiorini, A. Capata, D. BloisiM. AIS Data Visualization for Maritime Spatial Planning. International Journal of e-Navigation, and Maritime Economy. Dec 2016.
J. Pereira, N. Pereira, A Cavalcanti da Cunha, Use of AIS Data to Study Patterns of Navigation Behavior in the Macapa and Santana/AP/ Brazil Ship Monitoring Area, Journal of Aquaculture and Marine Biology, June 2019.
M. Le Tixerant, D. Le Guyader, F Gourmelon and B. Queffelec, How Can AIS Data be Used for Maritime Spatial Planning Ocean and Coastal Management, 2018
US Committee on the Marine Transportation System, Maritime Data Integrated Action Team Enhancing Accessibility and Usability of AIS Data. March 2019.
|Index Terms:||Identification systems, Detection and identification system applications, Data analysis, Port operations, Pollutants, Fuel consumption, |
Data and Information Technology
Planning and Forecasting