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Multi-Variate Analysis for Pavement Assessment

Description:

The pavement industry has changed significantly in the last couple of decades. Digital technology is now capable of generating continuous streams of multiple metrics (longitudinal and transverse profile, cracking, texture, structural condition, etc) for pavement assessment. Continuous data provides unique challenges for analysis and application. Analyzing multiple metrics simultaneously further compounds these challenges.

As technology continues to rapidly advance, it seems reasonable to question whether we are applying the most efficient and/or effective means for analyzing the large volumes of pavement response data being collected. With an efficient analysis methodology, continuously collected data has the potential to help determine when and where pavement deterioration is occurring (before it is apparent from the surface), provide design support, and aid in construction quality control.

The greatest potential of continuous data collection may come from analyzing the interactions between metrics. With appropriate study and validation, it is anticipated that the occurrence or detection of predetermined metric thresholds and/or combination of metrics could be used to refine treatment needs. As an example., if profile is greater than x, cracking is less than y, and structural capacity is more than z, then treatment A is warranted). Tools to facilitate such analysis have yet to be created. It is envisioned that such tools could aid not only in network level assessment but also in project level assessment.

Objective:

The objectives of this research are to:

1) Conduct a literature review to establish appropriate thresholds by functional class for multiple pavement metrics: (a) Cracking; (b) Longitudinal Profile, (c) Transverse Profile, (d) Texture, and (e) Structural Metric(s).

2) Develop standard set of data needs (along with appropriate precision and bias estimates) for each metric.

3) Identify or develop methodologies and guidance for effectively aggregating these statistics for network level analysis. This shall include approaches focused on: (a) incorporating leading pavement performance metrics within an agency’s PMS process, (b) identifying combinations of metrics and their thresholds that provide unique performance distinctions, and (c) demonstrating its value through application using one or more agency PMS.

4) Identify Future Research Needs.

Benefits:

A significant portion of the existing roadway system in the US was built over 50 years ago, and it is beginning to show signs of age, needs of repair, upgrade and/or replacement. There is need for real-time or quasi real-time in-situ testing of pavement properties to facilitate efficient assessment and establish treatment needs.

The following are the potential benefits of this study:

  1. Practical methodologies for applying continuous data from multiple metrics to establish appropriate treatment selections.

  2. Expanding agencies’ pavement management systems to include continuous data from multiple metrics will enhance the maintenance and rehabilitation decision making process.

  3. Applying leading performance measures as opposed to lagging performance measures should result in significant cost savings by selecting effective maintenance and rehabilitation strategies based on comprehensive evaluations of existing pavements.

Continuous monitoring and cost-effective assessment of infrastructure systems can facilitate risk assessment at different stages and more efficient planning of maintenance and rehabilitation activities during the life-cycle of these structures.

Relevance:

These results should be applied by State Agencies and/or their consultants to improve the evaluation, design and construction of pavements.

Sponsoring Committee:AKP40, Pavement Structural Testing and Evaluation
Research Period:12 - 24 months
Research Priority:Medium
RNS Developer:Jerry Daleiden
Source Info:Committee members from AFD80, AFD20 (Pavement Condition Evaluation) and AFD10 (Pavement Management Systems)
Date Posted:03/31/2020
Date Modified:04/08/2020
Index Terms:Pavements, Data analysis, Pavement performance, Pavement management systems, Data collection,
Cosponsoring Committees:AKP10, Pavement Condition Evaluation; AFD10, Pavement Management Systems
 
Subjects    
Highways
Design
Maintenance and Preservation
Pavements

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