Applications of RFID and other wireless technologies for highway construction
Transportation is one of the largest and the most critical sectors in the US. It must continuously meet traveling public demands by adding new infrastructure as well as maintaining and operating existing infrastructure. All these are investment intensive requirements and managing them appropriately typically requires a significant amount of funds. While efforts are made to manage specific activities in a highway construction project efficiently, emerging and innovative technologies that can help are currently not utilized to the fullest capacity. Consequently, activities such as material management, labor management, quality management, operations, safety, and maintenance have seen limited improvements due to the lack of technology use in the management of resources and performance for highway construction.
The Success of transportation construction projects largely depends on resource management, safety, and meeting quality expectations. Resources requiring diligent management are material, labor, space (the project site), equipment, finances, and time. These resources are required at the right time, at the right place and in right quantities. While these resources are in use, safety must be ensured. Once used, the utilized resource must achieve the expected quality outcomes. Sub-optimally managed resources, having unsafe conditions and inefficient quality management approaches, could significantly impact project performance. Therefore, the use of technologies such as radio-frequency identification (RFID), e-ticketing, and global positioning systems and associated components have the ability to improve the efficiency of managing highway construction project resources and performance.
in sensing and transmitting technologies has significantly improved wireless
transmission technology. Wireless transmission technology enables sensing,
counting, measuring, documenting, identifying, locating and transmitting
information in real time. These features can help project managers to manage cost,
time, quality, and safety of any project effectively. However there exists a
significant difference between wireless technologies’ acceptance versus the
expected acceptance and use. Therefore,
the objective of this research is to bridge the gap between the existing
technology buy-in and the beneficial application to the transportation industry
as well as develop guidance for DOTs to use wireless technologies effectively
and efficiently in managing resources and performance for highway construction.
Some of the
benefits realized while using wireless technologies for construction include,
1) Reduced time for locating and tracking materials/equipment; 2) Hassle free
documentation of operations, maintenance, repair history and warranty claims;
3) Availability of onsite operational support through availability of personnel
data, timekeeping, fleet management and progress status; 4) Instant and easy
data availability to decision makers and administrative staff, 5) Reduced paper
work and related hassles, and 6) Convenient digital data storage, analysis and
The following tasks are identified to be performed in this research study:
Task 1: Identify best practices across construction supply chain and the life cycle of the project.
Task 2: Create standards for use within the construction industry for seamless data integration, collection and transfer amongst various project and supply chain participants.
Task 3: Research the advancements in tracking technologies and use them in construction industry through pilot projects. This could generate construction industry’s interest in adopting these techniques.
Task 4: Develop methods to analyze the data and optimize the techniques for reducing the overall cost.
Task 5: Disseminate the knowledge gained about innovative uses, advantages and limitations spanning across the supply chain and life cycle of construction projects.
Task 6: Develop secured systems to minimize risks of data breach and fraudulent practices.
This research will enable
bridging the gap between the existing technologies and their application to the
construction industry. Establishment of construction industry standards and
identification of best practices will be one of the major outcomes of this
research. Other outcomes include creating awareness within construction
industry, identifying (or developing) analytical and optimization tools and
reducing the potential risks.
|Sponsoring Committee:||AFH10, Construction Management
|Research Period:||24 - 36 months|
|RNS Developer:||Deepak Sharma (CSU-Fullerton), Katherine Weisner (FHWA)|
|Source Info:||TRB AFH10 - Standing Committee on Construction Management|
|Index Terms:||Road construction industry, Materials, Radio frequency identification, Tracking systems, Project management, Construction management, |
|Cosponsoring Committees:||ABJ50, Information Systems and Technology|
Administration and Management
Data and Information Technology