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Identifying Sources and Types of Undeclared Hazardous Materials
The shipment of hazardous materials
without declaring them as such and without following the federal requirements for their
safe packaging and transportation is a recognized concern among carriers and
regulators alike. The belief is that a large number of these shipments
originate from small businesses and consumers that are returning merchandise. These
‘undeclared’ shipments are comingled with mainstream shipments and carrier
personnel are unaware of the special handling and shipping requirements that
are appropriate. The volume and reporting rates of these undeclared shipments
is currently not well known.
The objective of this project is to
develop a better understanding of the types of materials and the types of
businesses that are more likely to offer an undeclared shipment for
transportation and to estimate the magnitude of the problem.
project would greatly assist government and industry with understanding the
problem of undeclared shipments.
Undeclared hazardous materials have been involved in numerous accidents.
The research would include an assessment
of the current rate of undeclared shipments and vectors to which they enter the
transportation stream. The approaches used
to make this assessment would be documented and include estimates on the volume
and reporting rates.
A second phase for this research is to
engage with individuals and organizations in the key industry segments for
undeclared shipments and to identify candidate strategies for reducing the
number of these shipments, impediments to their implementation, and suggested
approaches for addressing them.
This research could be immediately implemented by all sectors of the hazardous materials industry.
The results of this research could be used by hazardous materials shippers and carriers, transportation planners, analysts, government agencies with hazardous materials transportation oversight responsibilities.
|Sponsoring Committee:||AT040, Transportation of Hazardous Materials
|Research Period:||12 - 24 months|
|RNS Developer:||Richard Bornhorst, AT040 Chairman|
|Source Info:||This problem statement was developed during the course of Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program (HMCRP) Project 10 titled “Current Hazardous Materials Transportation research Future Needs” and was identified as the top priority for hazardous materials transportation research through detailed analysis and selection criteria. The report can be found here: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/hmcrp/hmcrp_w001.pdf|
|Index Terms:||Hazardous materials, Shipments, Safety, Regulations, |
Planning and Forecasting
Safety and Human Factors
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