Characterization of Recycled Materials for Sustainable Construction (Edil, 2013)
Presented rapid material characterization for commonly used recycled materials.
NCHRP Synthesis 435: Recycled Materials and Byproducts in Highway Applications (NCHRP, 2013)
A summary of the experiences of transportation agencies in determining the relevant properties for recycled materials and industrial byproducts. Materials used as fill and bases are identified.
Developing Improved Opportunities for the Recycling and Reuse of Materials in Road, Bridge, and Construction Projects(Ellis, Agdas, & Frost, 2014)
A summary of a literature search, laboratory testing and strategies to increase the use of recycled materials in construction. No discussion on soil-structure interaction or applications.
Evaluation of Crushed Concrete and Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Backfill for Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls, (Rathje, et al., 2006)
RCA is recommended for use in MSE walls but additional screening is required. RAP is not recommended to due creep and corrosion concerns.
Feasibility of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Use As Road Base and Subbase Material* *(Hoppe, Lane, Fitch, & Shetty, 2015).
A literature study focused on potential alternative uses of RAP. RAP is identified as a viable material for base and subbase layers. No specific discussion on soil-structure applications was provided.
Strength and Creep Characteristics of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement-Sand Blend Backfill in Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls (Bleakley, Cosentino , Kalajian, & Patel, 2014)
Strength and performance characteristics are investigated and compared for 100% sand, 100% RAP and sand-RAP blends in MSE walls.
Material Recycling and Reuse – Finding Opportunities in Colorado Highways (Stevens, 2007)
Identifies opportunities to use recycled material. Limited soil-structure information provided. However, soil-structure opportunities identified include RAP and cullet glass as culvert backfill. Cited a demonstration project with cullet glass culvert bedding.
Foamed glass - an alternative lightweight and insulating material (Aabøe and Øiseth, 2004)
The paper investigates the use of granulated foamed glass, produced by recycled waste glass, as a lightweight material for road construction applications.
The paper presents results from the monitoring program on six road projects in which the granulated foamed glass was used. In addition, it gives results from performed laboratory tests and recommendations regarding design criteria and construction procedures related to this lightweight material. Limited information is provided on soil-structure interaction.
Engineering and environmental properties of foamed recycled glass as a lightweight engineering material (Arulrajah et al., 2015)
The paper assesses the engineering properties of foamed recycled glass through a laboratory evaluation and ascertains this novel recycled material as a suitable lightweight fill material in civil engineering applications. Soil-structure interaction is not discussed.
Much of the literature provides general material characterization and potential uses for recycled material. Some studies provide information on the potential performance of some RAP and RCA in MSE walls and foamed recycled glass (FRG) in road construction applications. However, minimal information on use of recycled materials outside of RAP, RCA and FRG is provided for buried structures and no information was provided on by-product materials in culvert and buried bridge applications.
The existing body of knowledge does not appear to address recycled and by-product material field installation testing procedures. This research need statement would address existing knowledge gaps by developing knowledge relevant to buried structures and the general installation of recycled and by-product fill.
Aabøe, R., and Øiseth, E. (2004). Foamed glass – An alternative lightweight and insulating material. Proc. Int. Conf. "Sustainable Water Management and Recycling", M. Limbachiya, J. Roberts, eds. Thomas Telford Publishing, London, UK, 167-176.
Arulrajah, A., Disfani, M. M., Maghoolpilehrood, F., Horpibulsuk, S., Udonchai, A., Monzur Imteaz, M., and Du, Y.-J. (2015). Engineering and environmental properties of foamed recycled glass as a lightweight engineering material. Journal of Cleaner Production, 94, 369-375.
Bleakley, A. M., Cosentino , P. J., Kalajian, E. H., & Patel, M. J. (2014). Strength and Creep Characteristics of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement-Sand Blend Backfill in Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls. Journal of the Transportation Research ZBoard, No. 2462, 18-27.
Edil, T. (2013). Characterization of Recycled Materials for Sustainable Construction. 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (p. 4). Paris, France: University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Ellis, R., Agdas, D., & Frost, K. (2014). Developing Improved Opportunities for the Recycling and Reuse of Materials in Road, Bridge and Construction Projects. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida.
Hoppe, E. J., Lane, D. S., Fitch, G. M., & Shetty, S. (2015). Feasibility of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Use As Road Base and Subbase Material. Charlottesville, VA: Virginia Center for Transporation Innovation and Research.
Lee, J. C., Edil, T. B., Tinjum, J. M., & Benson, C. H. (2010). Quantitative Assessment of Environmental and Economic Benefits of Recycled Materials in Highway Construction. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. Volume 2158/2010 Environmental 2010, 138-142.
NCHRP. (2013). NCHRP Synthesis 435: Recycled Materials and Byproducts in Highway Applications, Volume 1. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
Rathje, E., Rauch, A. F., Trejo, D., Folliard, K. J., Viyanant, C., Esfellar, M., et al. (2006). Evaluation of Crushed Concrete and Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Backfill for Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls. Report No. FHWA/TX-06/0-47177-3. Austin, TX: Centre for Transportation Research, The University of Texas at Austin.
Rathje, E., Trejo, D., & Folliard, K. (2006). Potential Use of Crushed Concrete and Recycled Asphalt Pavement as Backfill for Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls. Austin, TX: The University of Texas at Austin.
Stevens, M. (2007). Materials Recycling and Reuse - Finding Opportunities in Colorado Highways. Denver, CO: Colorado Department of Trasportation Research Branch.
Transportation Research Board. (2013). Critical Issues in Transportation. Washington, D.C.: Transporation Research Board.