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Techniques for Integrating Local Comprehensive Plans into Regional Transportation Planning Processes

Problem Statement
Regional planning has traditionally focused on transportation matters while local jurisdictions are the stewards of land use. Regions across the country are becoming more actively engaged with developing plans and strategies for integrating transportation and land use. However, many regional short- and long-term planning processes focus primarily on macro-level analysis and examine broad policy implications of transportation and land use decisions. A positive outcome from the integration of land use and transportation into regional plans is the establishment of new avenues for funding local land use projects. There are currently few planning tools and processes that address the integration of local comprehensive plans into regional planning. These tools and processes are helping communities address the transportation impacts related to increased growth while maintaining quality of life. We need these tools to quantify the impacts of local decisions on regional planning, help to prioritize these investments and link them to the regional vision, and provide the bottoms-up approach to regional planning that many local residents desire. Local comprehensive planning often leads to project-specific recommendations to address current and future transportation and land use needs. Because TIPs must be fiscally constrained, there is a need for local governments to work with the state and metropolitan planning organization or regional council to examine opportunities for funding these new project proposals. The development of these new “unfunded” projects often prompts discussion regarding whether and/or how to re-examine existing funding priorities in current TIPs. Many of these projects do not make it into regional capital improvement programs. One tool for incorporating these transportation improvements into the TIP is the practice of prioritizing projects in the TIP. This involves the weighting of transportation improvements that are sensitive to urban form into the current regional TIP. An examination is needed of the institutional arrangements that support the process of developing and approving local comprehensive plans, TIPs and Long Range Regional Transportation Plans. Proposed Research
This research project would focus on the development of four key components of integrating local comprehensive plans into the regional planning processes by: 1. Examining the state of the practice for integrating local transportation and land use plans and policies into regional plans and models; Land Use2
2. Identifying strategies that have been successfully used to address conflict resolution associated with incorporating competing local transportation and land use plans into a regional planning process; 3. Examining the state of the practice for developing critera for TIP project selection that is sensitive to urban form; and 4. Examining the institutional arrangements that support successful processes fordeveloping, prioritizing and approving implementation documents such as local capitalimprovement plans, TIPs, and long-range transportation plans and state TIPs. Cost: $350,000
Duration: 24 months

Sponsoring Committee:AMS50, Economic Development and Land Use
Date Posted:08/08/2007
Date Modified:08/09/2007
Index Terms:Land use, Land use planning, City planning, Regional transportation, Long range planning, Transportation Improvement Programs, Metropolitan planning organizations, Master plans,
Cosponsoring Committees: 
Public Transportation
Planning and Forecasting

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